​Arizona Wing Chun Association

​Bart-Cham-Dao

​​​​The "​Eight Cutting Broadswords" Form

Arizona Wing Chun Association

​The ​final stage of the Wing Tsun system is the Bart-Cham-Dao. ​Meaning "Eight Cutting Broadswords," the Bart-Cham-Dao is considered the crown jewel of the system and is the epitome of weapons fighting.​​​​​

Meaning "Six-and-a-Half Point Long Pole," the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun is a staff approximately 8-½ feet in length
this curriculum teaches us how to seek out the arms of the opponent and to “connect a bridge”. Once we connect to the opponent, we can immediately determine where the holes in his defense are
The first form of the Wing Tsun system is called Siu-Nim-Tau. Meaning Little-Idea, this form demonstrates basic but efficient concepts that provide a logical method. Regardless of the style, all Wing Tsun/Wing Chun/Ving Tsun methods will generally begin their teachings with the Siu-Nim-Tau

More than a few stories exist as to how the Bart-Cham-Dao came to be included in Wing Tsun, but even a brief glimpse of this fighting set will readily reveal how it has been adapted to fit the the empty-hand concept. In fact, it is actually an armed method of the empty-hand Wing Tsun applications themselves. This, however, is by design, not coincidence.

​Most martial arts include a variety of forms for their weapons that are different than their empty-hand sets. The empty-hand fighting is such that a completely different set of rules applies to their weapons training.

Most martial arts include a variety of forms for their weapons that are different than their empty-hand sets. The empty-hand fighting is such that a completely different set of rules applies to their weapons training
Poles vary in both length and weight, depending on the training being worked. I have three poles, with one being a 9-foot strength training pole and heavier than normal for working strength and stamina drills. The other two are standard 8-½ foot poles and average weight for form training, precision targeting and sparring
Because we now know where he is, we can take advantage of it and enact our own attacks, e.g. taking the fight to him vs. waiting for him to come to us
All Wing Tsun empty-hand forms are taught in three sections to make for easier learning. For the Siu-Nim-Tau, however, its three sections have a specific purpose and stress a unique function:
Some will train the Siu-Nim-Tau as internal while others will train it as external. At the AWCA, we train Wing Tsun solely from the mindset of fighting (what many denote as external). Elements of internal training will result, such as relaxation and smooth breathing, but we do not focus on the internal aspects as some others do

​"​​​... a practitioner skilled in empty-hand fighting can pick up any weapon and at least have a semblance of defense right from the start."

Using Chum-Kiu concepts, we pay particular attention to our turning and weight distribution
our focus lies in the relaxed, physical aspects of response and engagement

​By contrast, the Wing Tsun system is such that a practitioner skilled in empty-hand fighting can pick up any weapon and at least have a semblance of defense right from the start. Couple that with the curriculum itself and you have a fierce weapon system at your disposal. Fighting with a weapon vs. fighting empty-handed should encompass little to no difference in order to ensure survival (a trademark that the Filipino arts have already proven).

By contrast, the Wing Tsun system is such that a practitioner skilled in empty-hand fighting can pick up any weapon and at least have a semblance of defense right from the start. Couple that with the curriculum itself and you have a fierce weapon system at your disposal. Fighting with a weapon vs. fighting empty-handed should encompass little to no difference in order to ensure survival (a trademark that the Filipino arts have already proven)
Some practitioners feel that weapons training is not as useful as it once was, and I can understand that view. After all, how often do you find yourself with an 8-foot pole or two 1-½ lb. double knives? But weapons training – besides additional strength or coordination enhancement – still has a viable purpose in today’s society for real situations
Using Chum-Kiu concepts, we pay particular attention to our turning and weight distribution. If we do not turn enough, we will be exposed to the attack, whereas turning too much will over-extend ourselves. We also learn the various ranges involved with fighting because you have to adjust your range according to what the opponent is doing
Instead, our focus lies in the relaxed, physical aspects of response and engagement, learning to overcome an opponent swiftly and efficiently. Internal elements result over time but they are not our primary concern; defeating the opponent as quickly as possible is the primary goal, and utilizing the concepts found in the Siu-Nim-Tau begins that process

​Not everything will be exactly the same, of course. After all, one look at the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun and you will immediately see a lot of variations simply due to the nature of this long, heavy weapon. However, the concepts are relatively close, and the same holds true for the entire system (with the Bart-Cham-Dao being the culmination of this effort).

Not everything will be exactly the same, of course. After all, one look at the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun and you will immediately see a lot of variations simply due to the nature of this long, heavy weapon. However, the concepts are relatively close, and the same holds true for the entire system (with the Bart-Cham-Dao being the culmination of this effort)
A precept of Wing Tsun thought is that we will never know every situation that we might encounter. We do not have the slightest bit of control over every environment we could find ourselves in, so if we cannot control it, we do not know what will happen. We might be in a pool hall, a local pub, a five-star restaurant, or a party. Who knows? And who knows what situations can develop while we are there?

​The double knives are approximately 1-½ pounds each and are generally 1 foot in length (some are longer). Their construction differs from the standard Southern butterfly knives in that there is also a small hook on the front of the hand guard. Originally used for trapping longer-range weapons while closing in, the hook can also be used for trapping the blade of an opposing knife. That particular skill, however, requires years of training.

Bart-Cham-Dao dimensions

​Bart-Cham-Dao dimensions

The double knives are approximately 1-½ pounds each and are generally 1 foot in length (some are longer). Their construction differs from the standard Southern butterfly knives in that there is also a small hook on the front of the hand guard. Originally used for trapping longer-range weapons while closing in, the hook can also be used for trapping the blade of an opposing knife. That particular skill, however, requires years of training
That being said, we must never automatically assume that something is not viable just because of the day and age we live. Some things are probably more traditional in that we probably will not find ourselves utilizing the same types of weapons as our ancestors; the concept, however, is the true goal of learning

​"​​​​While some lineages flip the knives... we do not teach this specific concept"

Using Chum-Kiu concepts, we pay particular attention to our turning and weight distribution
our focus lies in the relaxed, physical aspects of response and engagement

​While some lineages flip the knives or circle them (as commonly seen with Japanese weapons like the sai), we do not teach this specific concept. Anytime that a blade is not directed towards the opponent, a hole is presented in your defense that the attacker can make use of. Since we always want to remain on the attack, not having the blade or tip towards the opponent can put us at a fatal disadvantage.

While some lineages flip the knives or circle them (as commonly seen with Japanese weapons like the sai), we do not teach this specific concept. Anytime that a blade is not directed towards the opponent, a hole is presented in your defense that the attacker can make use of. Since we always want to remain on the attack, not having the blade or tip towards the opponent can put us at a fatal disadvantage
The long pole teaches long-range weapons use, while the double knives teach short to medium-range weapons concepts. If a practitioner has an understanding of short, medium, and long-range weapons concepts, he or she can effectively apply those concepts to any item useful as a weapon
Using Chum-Kiu concepts, we pay particular attention to our turning and weight distribution. If we do not turn enough, we will be exposed to the attack, whereas turning too much will over-extend ourselves. We also learn the various ranges involved with fighting because you have to adjust your range according to what the opponent is doing
Instead, our focus lies in the relaxed, physical aspects of response and engagement, learning to overcome an opponent swiftly and efficiently. Internal elements result over time but they are not our primary concern; defeating the opponent as quickly as possible is the primary goal, and utilizing the concepts found in the Siu-Nim-Tau begins that process

​Therefore, we never flip the knives backwards, nor do we circle them as seen in other lineages. Those that do, however, call this movement Huen-dao, or Circling-knife. We do manipulate the knives around the long pole, but our version of circling is much smaller, almost to the point that it is not really a circling action at all.

Therefore, we never flip the knives backwards, nor do we circle them as seen in other lineages. Those that do, however, call this movement Huen-dao, or Circling-knife. We do manipulate the knives around the long pole, but our version of circling is much smaller, almost to the point that it is not really a circling action at all
The history of how the long pole was introduced to Wing Tsun is much clearer than that of the knives. Aboard the Red Junk (a boat of opera performers that would travel from harbor to harbor) were Wong Wah Bo (a master of Wing Chun), Leung Yee Tai (the poler of the Red Junk) and Master Chi Shin, a surviving monk from the burned down Shaolin monastery

​As with training in the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun, training in the Bart-Cham-Dao begins by creating the necessary strength and coordination for handling the knives.

As with training in the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun, training in the Bart-Cham-Dao begins by creating the necessary strength and coordination for handling the knives
Showing a great interest in learning pole fighting techniques, Leung Yee Tai learned this skill from Chi Shin. Meeting and befriending Wong Wah Bo, Leung Yee Tai showed Wong Wah Bo the pole techniques while, in exchange, Wong Wah Bo taught Leung Yee Tai the art of Wing Tsun
Altering the pole movements to fit the Wing Tsun theory, as well as adapting the stances to fit the length and weight of the pole, the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun was born and became the first of only two formal weapons in the system
For example, the Siu-Nim-Tau teaches basic attacks and defenses as they relate to the punch/palm striking range. In Chum-Kiu, however, we have kicks, elbows, and even grappling and takedown range. Short of ground fighting, these are four complete ranges of fighting that are addressed in Chum-Kiu training
The interesting thing about Wing Tsun is that you will find many variations. The families, lineages, and styles have particular ways to train, as well as specific modes of that training in order to cultivate what they feel are the essential elements to their preferred methods. Some are more effective than others, but on the whole, you will usually find more similarities than differences

​Strength Training

​Strength training takes a great deal of time in order to build the correct musculature for using the heavy knives. Never train the Bart-Cham-Dao form or the drills without spending at least 3-6 months of regular strength training. You can readily tell those that have skipped this training because their knife movements are sloppy and unwieldy. They are intent on solely learning the form vs. actually using the knives to fight with, and it shows. Pit them against a practitioner that has trained properly and it will be a quick bout.

Strength training takes a great deal of time in order to build the correct musculature for using the heavy knives. Never train the Bart-Cham-Dao form or the drills without spending at least 3-6 months of regular strength training. You can readily tell those that have skipped this training because their knife movements are sloppy and unwieldy. They are intent on solely learning the form vs actually using the knives to fight with, and it shows. Pit them against a practitioner that has trained properly and it will be a quick bout
Prior to beginning the curriculum for the pole form and applications, a stable and strong foundation must first be created. Without it, you will always feel uncomfortable or unwieldy handling this long, heavy weapon
First we learn the three primary stances, followed with various strength training drills
There are three primary stances when training the pole. These include Kwun-ma (Frontal-stance), Sei-ping-ma (Quadrilateral-level stance) and Gee-ng-diu-tie-ma (Half-Fence stance). Stance training might seem boring to some, but as we were told repeatedly, “If something is boring, it is because you do not understand it."
Strength Training Drill #1

​1. Strength Training Drill #1

​Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards.

Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards
The basic stance for both defense and offense, this stance assists us in feeling where the opponent’s pole is upon contact. In general, this is the stance that is used for most drills and applications, as well as during the initial contact of Chi-kwun, or Sticking-pole training
Strength Training Drill #1

2. Strength Training Drill #1
(continued)

​Using only the wrists and keeping the arms fully locked out, slash one knife downward.

Using only the wrists and keeping the arms fully locked out, slash one knife downward
Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards
The basic stance for both defense and offense, this stance assists us in feeling where the opponent’s pole is upon contact. In general, this is the stance that is used for most drills and applications, as well as during the initial contact of Chi-kwun, or Sticking-pole training
Strength Training Drill #1

​3. Strength Training Drill #1
(continued)

​Continuing to keep the arms fully locked out, return the knife to its starting position. When returned, immediately slash the other knife downward. This continues repeatedly until the forearms are so stiff you can hardly move them. When you can repeat this drill for at least 50 times each side and still feel relaxed, continue to drill #2.

Continuing to keep the arms fully locked out, return the knife to its starting position. When returned, immediately slash the other knife downward. This continues repeatedly until the forearms are so stiff you can hardly move them. When you can repeat this drill for at least 50 times each side and still feel relaxed, continue to drill #2
Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards
The basic stance for both defense and offense, this stance assists us in feeling where the opponent’s pole is upon contact. In general, this is the stance that is used for most drills and applications, as well as during the initial contact of Chi-kwun, or Sticking-pole training

​Like the pole, it is important to work these strength training drills in order to build up the strength necessary to properly handle the weapon. In this case, the knives are very heavy, the actions we use including chopping and cutting, so ergo, we need extreme forearm strength to handle the knives correctly.

Strength Training Drill #2

​​1. Strength Training Drill #2

​Slash one knife downward via Gaun-dao while the other knife drives forward with Biu-dao.

Slash one knife downward via Gaun-dao while the other knife drives forward with Biu-dao
Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards
The basic stance for both defense and offense, this stance assists us in feeling where the opponent’s pole is upon contact. In general, this is the stance that is used for most drills and applications, as well as during the initial contact of Chi-kwun, or Sticking-pole training
Strength Training Drill #2

​​​2. Strength Training Drill #2
(continued)

​Immediately change to the other side.

Immediately change to the other side
Continuing to keep the arms fully locked out, return the knife to its starting position. When returned, immediately slash the other knife downward. This continues repeatedly until the forearms are so stiff you can hardly move them. When you can repeat this drill for at least 50 times each side and still feel relaxed, continue to drill #2
Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards
The basic stance for both defense and offense, this stance assists us in feeling where the opponent’s pole is upon contact. In general, this is the stance that is used for most drills and applications, as well as during the initial contact of Chi-kwun, or Sticking-pole training
Strength Training Drill #2

​​​​3. Strength Training Drill #2
(continued)

​Change to the other side and like drill #1, repeat this drill until you can work a minimum of 50 reps each side with strength, fluidity and relaxed explosion with the knives.

Change to the other side and like drill #1, repeat this drill until you can work a minimum of 50 reps each side with strength, fluidity and relaxed explosion with the knives
Continuing to keep the arms fully locked out, return the knife to its starting position. When returned, immediately slash the other knife downward. This continues repeatedly until the forearms are so stiff you can hardly move them. When you can repeat this drill for at least 50 times each side and still feel relaxed, continue to drill #2
Extend both arms to full extension with the knife tips pointed upwards
The basic stance for both defense and offense, this stance assists us in feeling where the opponent’s pole is upon contact. In general, this is the stance that is used for most drills and applications, as well as during the initial contact of Chi-kwun, or Sticking-pole training
Like the pole, it is important to work these strength training drills in order to build up the strength necessary to properly handle the weapon. In this case, the knives are very heavy, the actions we use including chopping and cutting, so ergo, we need extreme forearm strength to handle the knives correctly
Once the basic stances are learned, we introduce various strength training drills. The drills are performed in all of the stances pictured above vs. just one. This allows for multiple muscle groups to be worked and creates a stronger overall result rather than keeping just one stance
Stance training is paramount to learning the pole. Not only does it allow you to deliver power through any length of the pole, but when you encounter your opponent’s power, a bad stance will see you easily uprooted. It is just like empty-hand fighting: without a good stance, you will be knocked down repeatedly anytime you encounter force
Section 1 of Chum-Kiu introduces a variety of concepts that deal with trapping, changing angles, using elbow attacks, and defending against multiple opponents

​Bart-Cham-Dao Section 1

Section 1 begins by learning how to lower one’s center of gravity from the chest to the waist. Called Hoi-ma, or Opening the Stance, this basic but primary element is one of the reasons we can take an opponent head-on. Should too much force be encountered and we are overpowered by brute strength, the structure itself allows us to “borrow” that force and re-direct or deflect it
A variety of drills can be created exclusively from section 1. To illustrate a bit about what the Siu-Nim-Tau teaches us, let's explore a few drills that begins the foundation of Wing Tsun

​Section 1 begins our training in the form by teaching us how to handle the various angles that are present with edged weapons. With slashing, chopping, slicing, and simultaneous attack and defense actions, these are the preliminaries for a competent foundation in the knife form.

Section 1 begins our training in the form by teaching us how to handle the various angles that are present with edged weapons. With slashing, chopping, slicing, and simultaneous attack and defense actions, these are the preliminaries for a competent foundation in the knife form
Strength training drills range from solo punching in Sei-ping-ma to a variety of pole-specific precision spearing drills. To illustrate two of the more common drills, first up is a simple act of pole-on-pole in which one practitioner pulls up while the other practitioner presses down
There are three primary punches in Wing Tsun, with Yat-chi-chung-kuen, or Character "Sun" Thrusting punch (commonly called the Straightline punch), being the most prevalent. If you close your hand to make a vertical fist, and then look at the front of it in a mirror, it resembles the Chinese character for sun
Ching-sun-gerk, or Front Thrusting-kick, can be employed at various heights, but its primary height is usually the waist. When you can kick with full power and at a parallel height (when your leg is parallel to the floor), then all kicks lower than that will generally see a great deal more power being released

​Note: Bart-Cham-Dao section 1 video is being created and will posted as soon as possible.

An important solo strength training drill is illustrated below. Repeat this exercise continuously to create the strength necessary in the forearms, chest, shoulders, and back so that you create the strength needed to handle the pole during the form and drills
Lower-level kicks are usually the norm in Wing Tsun, mainly because it is more difficult for the opponent to see. And if it is harder to see, then it is harder to defend against. The problem, however, is that many practitioners do not train their full power at a parallel level, which in turn sees a great deal of power lost that they can achieve
Therefore, always train this kick in the forms to be full power and parallel to the floor
In addition to single opponents, Wing Tsun also includes kicking methods for dealing with multiple opponents. We do not get to pick and choose how many will attack us, so Wang-chang-gerk allows us to respond to opponents approaching from the side
Strength training is so important that a practitioner should spend a minimum of 6 months working the drills before ever learning the form itself. I have seen a variety of practitioners over the years who learned the form before ensuring proper strength and stance training, and it shows. They cannot deliver power and their technique is so sloppy that it is almost embarrassing even to watch them
One element that the AWCA incorporates during this strength training phase is that the drills are first learned with a light-weight pole to ensure correct body mechanics, then moving to a heavier-than-normal pole for strength and endurance training. A practitioner will start with the lighter pole for learning the correct movements, gaining the beginning level of strength and coordination, and becoming comfortable with wielding such a long weapon
After this is sufficient, the practitioner will then begin exclusive use of a heavier-than-normal pole in order to build strength and reinforce proper alignment
Tan-dar, Fook-dar and Gaun-dar are some of the easier movements to integrate with Yat-chi-chung-kuen. These actions address defense against straight punches, hook punches, and low punches
Some believe that strength training before learning the pole form is backwards, that the form should be taught first so as to gain the necessary strength. But as mentioned previously, the opposite is true. It sounds like overkill to keep stating it but it is very important to understand why this is so
If you train the form without first acquiring the necessary arm and leg strength to manipulate such a long and heavy weapon, the form will take on many bad habits. Instead of striking directly parallel, the pole will dip. Instead of adhering to the Wing Tsun Kuen Kuit (a collection of training proverbs passed down through the generations) which states “The pole does not make more than one sound“, the pole will strike two, three, or more times against the opponent’s pole
Therefore, having sufficient strength prior to learning the form greatly assists in ensuring that these bad habits do not appear
When a practitioner has proven enough control during the various drills, and when he/she has gained sufficient strength to handle this long-range weapon, the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun form is learned
Although it looks like there are many movements, the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun is comprised of only seven. You will see some long pole forms that have 40, 50, even  70+ individual movements. In all likelihood, these are made up since it removes the purpose of the long pole's efficiency. More is not always better, and that is certainly true when it comes to the long pole
The reason it looks to be more is that we are changing direction and angle in order to work various attacker positions. These movements are:
Bart-Cham-Dao Hoi-ma

1. ​Bart-Cham-Dao Hoi-ma

​Stand upright, feet together, with both knives at the right side held by the right hand only.

Place both knives at the right side and held by the right hand only. The body is upright, feet together, with the left arm at your side
Place both knives at the right side and held by the right hand only. The body is upright, feet together, with the left arm at your side
With the pole facing your power side, hold the pole as shown. Your back hand is with the palm down while the lead hand sees the palm upward. The feet are together and the body is at 90-degrees with the pole, but the head is turned in the same direction as the pole
As the attacker approaches, the defender is in fist range. The lead leg, however, is also in range for a Jamming-kick/Stop-kick to the attacker’s leg
Sheung Jut-dao

​2a. ​Sheung Jut-dao
​Double Jerk-knives

Reach across with the left hand and grab the inner knife.

Raise the pole upward to chest level, keeping the pole level. Do not let it dip downward or upward
Sut-kwun to Kit-kwun is performed three times, with the final Sut-kwun transitioning to Sei-ping-ma and Biu-kwun
As the attacker steps into range, the defender raises the lead leg and...
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​​​2b. Sheung Jut-dao
(continued)

​Forcefully jerk both knives down and in front. The arms go to full extension and the imaginary contact points are the middle of the blades.

Forcefully jerk both knives down and in front. The arms go to full extension and the contact points are the middle of the blades
Explode the pole downward, keeping it parallel with the floor. Do not let it dip downward or upward
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​3. Sheung Wu-dao
Double Guard-knives/Protective-knives

​With the arms remaining locked out, snap the tips of both knives directly upward.

With the arms remaining locked out, snap the tips of both knives directly upward
Explode the pole upward to chest level, keeping it parallel to the floor. Do not let it dip downward or upward
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Jut-dao Wu-dao

4a. Jut-dao Wu-dao
Jerk-knife with Guard-knife/Protective-knife

​With the arms remaining locked out, snap or jerk the left knife downward at the wrist only.

With the arms remaining locked out, snap or jerk the left knife downward at the wrist only
Explode the pole downward, keeping it parallel with the floor. Do not let it dip downward or upward
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Jut-dao Wu-dao

4b. Jut-dao Wu-dao
(continued)

​With the arms remaining locked out, snap the left knife back up to Wu-dao while the right knife simultaneously snaps or jerks downward.

With the arms remaining locked out, snap the left knife back up to Wu-dao while the right knife simultaneously snaps or jerks downward
Explode the pole upward to chest level, keeping it parallel to the floor. Do not let it dip downward or upward
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Jut-dao Wu-dao

4c. Jut-dao Wu-dao
(continued)

​With the arms remaining locked out, snap the right knife back up to Wu-dao while the left knife simultaneously snaps or jerks downward.

With the arms remaining locked out, snap the right knife back up to Wu-dao while the left knife simultaneously snaps or jerks downward
Explode the pole downward, keeping it parallel with the floor. Do not let it dip downward or upward
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​5. Sheung Jut-dao

​Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
While raising the pole to chest level, assume Sei-ping-ma. The centerline reamins at 90-degrees n relation to the pole
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​​​6. Sheung Wu-dao

​Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Drive the pole directly forward (in relation to its direction) until the arms are parallel. Along this path of travel, do not let the pole dip down or up
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Jut-dao Wu-dao

​​7a. Jut-dao Wu-dao

​Repeat Jut-dao/Wu-dao, only now beginning right Jut-dao and left Wu-dao.

Repeat Jut-dao/Wu-dao, only now beginning right Jut-dao and left Wu-dao
Return the pole to chest level
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Jut-dao Wu-dao

​7b. Jut-dao Wu-dao
​(continued)

​With the arms remaining locked out, snap the right knife back up to Wu-dao while the left knife simultaneously snaps or jerks downward.

With the arms remaining locked out, snap the right knife back up to Wu-dao while the left knife simultaneously snaps or jerks downward
Simultaneously assume a Frontal-stance while driving the rear hand down. The tip of the pole is now on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Jut-dao Wu-dao

​7c. Jut-dao Wu-dao
​(continued)

​With the arms remaining locked out, snap the right knife down via Jut-dao while the left knife snaps up via Wu-dao.

With the arms remaining locked out, snap the right knife down via Jut-dao while the left knife snaps up via Wu-dao
Raise the back hand while driving the lead hand down to quickly slam the tip of the pole to towards the floor. Do not let the tip hit the floor; instead, stop the pole just before it reaches the floor
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​​8. Sheung Jut-dao

​Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​​​9. Sheung ​Wu-dao

​Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

10a. Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
Turning Palm Up-knife with Thrusting-knife

​Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing left Tan-dao and right Biu-Tze-dao.

Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing left Tan-dao and right Biu-Tze-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

10b. Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
(continued)

​Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing right Tan-dao and left Biu-Tze-dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing right Tan-dao and left Biu-Tze-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

​10c. Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
(continued)

​Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing left Tan-dao and right Biu-Tze-dao.

Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing left Tan-dao and right Biu-Tze-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​11. Sheung Jut-dao

​Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​​​12. Sheung Wu-dao

​Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

​​​​13a. Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

​Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing right Tan-dao and left Biu-Tze-dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing right Tan-dao and left Biu-Tze-dao
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

13b. Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
(continued)

​Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing left Tan-dao and right Biu-Tze-dao.

Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing left Tan-dao and right Biu-Tze-dao
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

​​​13c. Chuen Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
(continued)

​Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing right Tan-dao and left Biu-Tze-dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously executing right Tan-dao and left Biu-Tze-dao
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​​​1​4. Sheung ​Jut-dao

​Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​​​1​5. Sheung Wu-dao

​Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

16a. Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao
Turning High/Low Splitting Block-knives

​Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a right high and left low Gaun-dao.

Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a right high and left low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

16​b. Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao
​(continued)

​Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

16​c. Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao
​(continued)

​Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a right high and left low Gaun-dao.

Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a right high and left low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​17. Sheung Jut-dao

​Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​18. Sheung Wu-dao

​Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

​19a. Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

​Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

19b. Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao
(continued)

​Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a right high and left low Gaun-dao.

Assume a right Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a right high and left low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao

19c. Chuen Sheung-har Gaun-dao
(continued)

​Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Jut-dao

​20. Sheung Jut-dao

​Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out.

Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Sheung Wu-dao

​21. Sheung Wu-dao

Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out.

​This completes section 1 of the Bart-Cham-Dao.

Assume a left Juk-sun-ma while simultaneously assuming a left high and right low Gaun-dao
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Snap both knives upward so that the tips are pointing directly up. The arms remain locked out
Snap both knives sharply downward while the arms remain locked out
Turn the body to the side and immediately explode the pole upwards so that the tip is on your centerline
... drills into the side of the attacker's knee. With enough speed and force, this can be a permanent and crippling attack
... the attacker launches a straight punch. The defender's Man-sau meets the attack and transitions to Tan-sau. As he turns, the other fist launches a punch...
As the rear first begins moving forward, the lead arm drops just enough to clear the path so that they do not collide
Compared to other martial arts, the Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun form is quite short in duration. However, not all Wing Tsun/Wing Chun/Ving Tsun styles train the form in the same way. Some pole forms have only seven movements, while others can have up to 50 or more (at the AWCA, our pole form has 36 movements and is taught in four sections). All, however, have an involved training curriculum for making the most of this unique weapon
For section 1, we work Sut-kwun, Kit-kwun, Biu-kwun, and Jut-kwun, in addition to the various stances of Sei-ping-ma and Kwun-ma. Combining these movements allows us to resume stances and change angles so as to improve the use and range of the weapon (including barring and stepping). The remaining movements are in sections 2 through 4, also with multiple angles and stepping
As mentioned previously, the weapons are also learned a bit differently than the empty-hand forms. With empty-hand training, we will learn a few movements of one section of a form, and then dive into the myriad of applications, concepts, and drills that deal with those movements. This is repeated for an entire section of the form until the full curriculum is achieved

​Drills & Applications

​Not only is sufficient wrist and arm strength necessary, but conditioning of the lower body is also essential. The most advanced of Wing Tsun footwork is found in the Bart-Cham-Dao, and naturally, our opponent will not be standing still. Many are unaware that a Wing Tsun practitioner can actually cross up to 12-feet with one fluid action, and this particular step is found in the Bart-Cham-Dao.

Not only is sufficient wrist and arm strength necessary, but conditioning of the lower body is also essential. The most advanced of Wing Tsun footwork is found in the Bart-Cham-Dao, and naturally, our opponent will not be standing still. Many are unaware that a Wing Tsun practitioner can actually cross up to 20-feet with one fluid action, and this particular step is found in the Bart-Cham-Dao

​Therefore, strength and flexibility for both the upper and lower bodies must be competent before learning the Bart-Cham-Dao form itself.

Therefore, strength and flexibility for both the upper and lower bodies must be competent before learning the Bart-Cham-Dao form itself

​After the form is learned, we then progress to various drills and applications in order to bring out the movements. It is important to learn the entire form and become competent with handling the knives before working the drills and applications, since doing the opposite will create many bad habits that can put your life in jeopardy.

After the form is learned, we then progress to various drills and applications in order to “bring out” the movements. It is important to learn the entire form and become competent with handling the knives before working the drills and applications, since doing the opposite will create many bad habits that can put your life in jeopardy

​The Bart-Cham-Dao’s actions are closely patterned after the empty-hand concepts, so learning the applications are actually quite easy once sufficient strength and flexibility is attained. For example, Tan-dao and Gaun-dao are performed in the same manner as Tan-sau and Gaun-sau, learned during the Siu-Nim-Tau.

The Bart-Cham-Dao’s actions are closely patterned after the empty-hand concepts, so learning the applications are actually quite easy once sufficient strength and flexibility is attained. For example, Tan-dao and Gaun-dao are performed in the same manner as Tan-sau and Gaun-sau, learned during the Siu-Nim-Tau
Even though this is an extremely long weapon, it can be quite formidable to deal with. There is a great deal of length for an opponent to overcome, as well as maneuvering around the power that is being delivered in the tip of the pole. Likewise, however, this length is also what the practitioner must learn to utilize to his/her advantage
In addition to kicks, brutal elbow attacks are a mainstay of Chum-Kiu. Pie-jarn, or Horizontal Hacking-elbow, is one of the most frequently used of all Wing Tsun elbow attacks
Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

1. ​Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
​Palm Up-knife with Thrusting-knife

​As the attacker approaches...

Both practitioners in the Frontal-stance. Sometimes the poles will touch, sometimes not. Many practitioners advocate that they always should, whereas others (including the AWCA) feel this is not necessary. Why? Because once contact is made, there should be movement, a response, an action
If we train ourselves to touch poles but not have action, we are teaching ourselves to give the opponent an initial advantage, which is contrary to the Wing Tsun concept
Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

​2. ​Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
​(continued)

​... he executes Biu-Tze-dao. This is defended with Tan-dao while turning...

... he executes Biu-Tze-dao. This is defended with Tan-dao while turning...
As the opponent drives in with Biu-kwun to the defender’s chest, the defender slightly circles the pole to the inside via Huen-kwun
... the attacker lunges in and is now closer than fist range. Changing Man-sau to Lap-sau, the other defender launches Pie-jarn with the other elbow while pulling and turning
... the attacker launches a hook punch. The defender meets the attack with Fook-sau while beginning to launch a counter-punch and also turning to absorb the force.
Tan-Biu-Tze-dao

​3. ​Tan-Biu-Tze-dao
​(continued)

​... and driving Biu-Tze-dao into the attacker’s neck.

... and driving Biu-Tze-dao into the attacker’s neck
In one motion, the pole is immediately driven forwards and into the opponent’s throat via Biu-kwun
Pulling the opponent to off-balance him and make use of the momentum he is already generating, Pie-jarn lands squarely on the back of the neck. This is followed up with repeated elbows, as well as chain-punching
The defender drives full force into the attacker's throat while completing the turn
While attacks like this may seem brutal, remember that Wing Tsun is strictly for fighting vs. rules-based sports. It is not flashy, showy, and there are no rules. You have been attacked, you are fighting for your life, and all targets are an option
A variety of today’s exercise routines include boxing, kickboxing, and other similar actions. These programs will usually tell you that in addition to improving your fitness, you are also creating a valuable self-defense skill set, something that you could use in real life for protection if you had to
I am not going to say that you are not learning something about self-defense, because clearly you are. The body is replicating the actions of movements you would use for defending yourself, and these can be valuable elements if you find yourself in a self-defense situation
I have also read/heard stories of some who were able to protect themselves only with the skills they learned from their kickboxing-oriented fitness programs. Whether true or not, I can see the relevance and have no reason to doubt it
Fighting and exercising are two different things. Yes, you are improving your fitness, and yes, you are learning the mechanics of basic self-defense actions. Remember, though, that real self-defense and exercising are not the same thing. There is more to reliable self-defense than merely going through the motions, and that is a primary concept we learn in the Chum-Kiu
Please do not create a false sense of security by relying on your fitness program to teach you about real protection. I personally love fitness programs that include boxing and/or kickboxing because they generate more movement that relates better to overall conditioning. However, these fitness programs will not stop a 250-lb. enraged attacker bent on drilling you into the ground
But Wing Tsun will
Many have asked how Wing Tsun might respond to other martial arts, so below is an example of this. Note, however, that the key word here is might

​As you can see, the knive's actions are similar to the empty-hand actions. And Gaun-dao is no exception.

As you can see, the knive's actions are similar to the empty-hand actions. And Gaun-dao is no exception
The difference in these examples is that for Huen-kwun, contact is already made and a circling of the pole puts you on top of the attacker's pole. With Tan-kwun, it is similar to Tan-sau in that a slight inward or outward movement opens the line vs. circling. Both open the line, but their line of action is different and it all depends on the incoming pole attack to dictate which response is appropriate
Gaun-dao

​1. ​Gaun-do
​Splitting Block-knife

​As the opponents square off...

As the opponents engage, the poler on the left is on the outside of the opponent’s pole
Pulling the opponent to off-balance him and make use of the momentum he is already generating, Pie-jarn lands squarely on the back of the neck. This is followed up with repeated elbows, as well as chain-punching
The defender drives full force into the attacker's throat while completing the turn
Gaun-dao

2. ​Gaun-dao
​(continued)

​... the attacker drives forward with the lead knife. This is defended via Gaun-dao while the other knife is raised and...

... the attacker drives forward with the lead knife. This is defended via Gaun-dao while the other knife is raised and...
Tan-kwun presses to the side in order to move the opponent’s pole and open a hole in his defense
In one motion, the pole is immediately driven forwards and into the opponent’s throat via Biu-kwun
Pulling the opponent to off-balance him and make use of the momentum he is already generating, Pie-jarn lands squarely on the back of the neck. This is followed up with repeated elbows, as well as chain-punching
The defender drives full force into the attacker's throat while completing the turn
Gaun-dao

​3. ​Gaun-dao
​(continued)

​... chops into the attacker's neck.

... chops into the attacker's neck
Continuing in one smooth motion, Tan-kwun transitions to Biu-kwun, driving full force into the opponent’s side
In one motion, the pole is immediately driven forwards and into the opponent’s throat via Biu-kwun
Pulling the opponent to off-balance him and make use of the momentum he is already generating, Pie-jarn lands squarely on the back of the neck. This is followed up with repeated elbows, as well as chain-punching
The defender drives full force into the attacker's throat while completing the turn

​Even a brief look at the Bart-Cham-Dao will demonstrate the knives are utilized in the same way as our empty-hand actions. The only difference is that the blade is used instead of the hand or arm. This allows for a smooth and easy translation of empty-hand to armed applications.

Even a brief look at the Bart-Cham-Dao will demonstrate the knives are utilized in the same way as our empty-hand actions. The only difference is that the blade is used instead of the hand or arm. This allows for a smooth and easy translation of empty-hand to armed applications

​Although the handle is used by some lineages, the AWCA does not teach this. Instead, our concept for the handle is only for protecting the hand. We prefer to strike with the blade itself vs. any other area of the knife.

Although the handle is used by some lineages, the AWCA does not teach this. Instead, our concept for the handle is only for protecting the hand. We prefer to strike with the blade itself vs. any other area of the knife
Another explosive action of Luk-Dim-Boon-Kwun and section 1 in particular is Jut-kwun. It might look easy to drive an incoming pole downward, but you will quickly find that it's not as easy as it looks. It take a great deal of consistent training in pushing down, but remember, we also learned pulling up. The action of pulling up contributes to the defense of Jut-kwun, so do not blindly work this drill without your partner pulling up. This will assist your Jut-kwun to become explosive and actually useful vs. going through the motions
In a real fight, anything can and usually does happen. I have a love of all martial arts and this is not to degrade these other methods. On the contrary, it is merely a look at possible Wing Tsun responses to the more commonly-used actions of a few different fighting methods
Gaun-dar, or Splitting Block-arm with Simultaneous Attack, is like an axe splitting wood, hence the name. Wing Tsun does not have blocks; instead, our blocks are actually attacks to the limb they are meeting. In this way, we counter-attack while defending
After learning the first section of Siu-Nim-Tau and exploring the variety of concepts, we can take these movements and blend them together to create our own drills/scenarios as necessary. This teaches us not to be stagnant or always training the same drills over and over without change
To begin this process, we work what is called the Lead-arm Defense Drill. This drill is just one of many variations that frees us up by changing from side-to-side while simultaneously working the arms. We also learn more control of the lower body and how to pivot ourselves in order to borrow the force of the attacker
An excellent real-world drill that you can work with your training partner right now is called the Pak-sau drill. This drill teaches coordination, learning to make contact, feeling what that pressure is about, and how to better protect your centerline. It also puts into motion the concept of working both hands at the same time so that you can enact simultaneous attack and defense
The Pak-sau drill is so important to Wing Tsun that our entire Lat-sau fighting curriculum begins with it. From driving in, down, around, adding kicks, elbows, knees, and any other action you can think, Pak-sau easily and quickly transitions to effective and efficient counter-attacks

Concepts & Theories

​​Knife Concepts vs. Empty-Hand Concepts

The Chum-Kiu revolves around seeking out the opponent, and once found, we sink or leak through his/her defenses in order to attack. The most relevant areas of this training includes concepts for angling and turning in order to make the most of the space we have, which in turn allows us to address multiple opponents
Wing Tsun is concept-based vs. application-based, meaning that the movements themselves can only take you so far. They are excellent movements, for certain; however, they are still only mechanical actions. What really makes Wing Tsun so effective is how and why the movements are applied

​One of the interesting things about Wing Tsun is that the empty-hand concepts and movements are almost always applied to whatever weapon we are using. Where the double knives are concerned, this is clearly evident even with just one glimpse.

One of the interesting things about Wing Tsun is that the empty-hand concepts and movements are almost always applied to whatever weapon we are using. Where the double knives are concerned, this is clearly evident even with just one glimpse
The long pole’s introduction to the system stems from Leung Yee Tai and Wong Wah Bo. Being a poler on a red junk, Leung Yee Tai preferred pole fighting since he used one all the time, anyway. In his normal duties, he also had a weapon readily available, so meeting and training with Wong Wah Bo (a master of Wing Tsun), they adapted the Wing Tsun concept to fit this long, heavy weapon
The Chum-Kiu is also where Wing Tsun’s three primary kicking methods – Ching-sun-gerk, Wang-chang-gerk and Che-chang-gerk – are introduced. With these three kicks, we now learn to respond to leg attacks with our own legs vs. using the arms. An interesting facet, however, is that even with the kicks, we also learn that in many cases, responding to the opponent’s kick is sometimes not even necessary
For example, think about how many martial arts are in existence. Now, think about how many ways the human body can move. With the hundreds of systems and styles in the world, a person can still only do so many things

​And that is one of the things that sets Wing Tsun apart from other martial arts.

And that is one of the things that sets Wing Tsun apart from other martial arts

​In most arts, the empty-hand forms and the weapons forms are night-and-day to each other. You could become proficient in empty-hand fighting, and then have to learn a completely different approach to weapons fighting. By contrast, Wing Tsun empty-hand concepts are directly applied to the weapon being used at the time, thereby allowing for faster and more efficient use.

In most arts, the empty-hand forms and the weapons forms are night-and-day to each other. You could become proficient in empty-hand fighting, and then have to learn a completely different approach to weapons fighting. By contrast, Wing Tsun empty-hand concepts are directly applied to the weapon being used at the time, thereby allowing for faster and more efficient use
Over the years, some practitioners have attempted to shorten it a bit in order to make it more useful for today’s society, but in the end, they found that they lost a great deal of what this training affords them. By understanding the use of long weapons, you will also gain a sense of medium-range weapons. And having long and medium-range weapons training, the last range is short-range, which is learned with the Bart-Cham-Dao

​Flipping The Knife Backwards

Not all Wing Tsun/Wing Chun styles train the same way, and one of these variations includes knife training. As mentioned previously, some practitioners flip or circle the knives in such a way that the blade is reversed and not towards the opponent. Some lineages teach this, while others insist that the knives should never do this.

​Since flipping the knives means that you would be purely on the defensive, the AWCA does not teach this concept. However, I have witnessed many practitioners who do flip the knives and have no doubt that they can utilize their skills. This is an excellent example as to the diversity of training within the Wing Tsun families.

Since flipping the knives means that you would be purely on the defensive, the AWCA does not teach this concept. However, I have witnessed many practitioners who do flip the knives and have no doubt that they can utilize their skills. This is an excellent example as to the diversity of training within the Wing Tsun families
No. The Wing Tsun concept of pole fighting differs greatly from other martial arts in that the pole is never twirled; instead, we are always initiating simultaneous attacks and defenses. Twirling a weapon does nothing for attacking and defending
The moment that the tip of the pole is taken away from the opponent, you open a hole in your own defense. If he/she is faster, they will attack you before you get your pole back to a position of defense. Why purposely create a hole for your opponent to attack you through?
While it is true that you will rarely – if ever – see anyone walking down the street with a 9-foot staff, that certainly does not mean that weapons training is no longer a useful endeavor. On the contrary, those that feel it is useless are missing out on a great deal of elevated fighting
We have all heard that weapons are an extension of ourselves, and that is just as true today as it was when our ancestors depended on weapons for their survival. Through the process of learning to use a weapon – and particularly one such as Wing Tsun’s long pole – it reconnects us to our predecessors. Too much of today’s world wants to throw away the old ways in favor of newer, modern methods
But in the process, they disconnect themselves from our roots and heritage
Not only is heritage important, but the mere fact of training with a weapon even gives you a better sense of your empty-hand fighting. It is not needed to be an accomplished fighter, but it does lend itself to delivering a variety of attributes that otherwise would not be attained
So yes, while we might not fight in the street with a weapon such as this, its training adds to our skill sets and later generations will never forget where they came from. Plus... it's just a heckuva lot of fun!
A common yet effective tactic is that when the opponent kicks, we explode forward into them in order to decrease the range. Not only can this jam the kick, but it can also decrease the power that the kick can produce by shortening the length it has to travel. And with a decreased distance, it cannot produce the same amount of power
In combination, the centerline and straightline principles increase your reactions so much that our responses can become extremely fast. However, there is no mystery there. It is nothing more than simple body mechanics
The vertical midline separates the left and right halves of the body so that we can analyze what limbs would be appropriate for various attacks. This is assisted by working the Six Gates principle, in which the body is broken down into six separate areas. For example, gates 1 and 2 are for the right and left sides of the head, gates 3 and 4 cover the right and left sides of the trunk, and gates 5 and 6 cover the right and left sides of the lower body. With these areas being analyzed, we can quickly see what limbs would be more efficient to address any kind of attack we might encounter
The “bridge” between the Siu-Nim-Tau and Biu-Tze is the Chum-Kiu. It is here that we take our basic concepts learned during our Siu-Nim-Tau training and really make them mobile, efficient, fluid, and responsive. Not only do we learn kicking and elbow attacks/ defenses, but we also learn how to engage multiple opponents
If you are ready to explore what Wing Tsun is about, there is no better starting point than Volume 1: Siu-Nim-Tau of the AWCA's eBook Training Series
If you have completed the Siu-Nim-Tau curriculum and you are looking for the next phase of training, then you're ready for Volume 2: Chum-Kiu of the AWCA’s eBook Training Series
This in-depth workbook takes you through the complete Siu-Nim-Tau curriculum from start to finish. This one-of-a-kind training platform was built with true distance learning in mind and has already helped thousands of practitioners all over the world actually learn Wing Tsun

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